Concrete Temperature test for fresh Mixed Concrete

Concrete temperature test for freshly mixed Concrete

What is a Concrete Temperature Test?

Concrete temperature testing is the process of measuring and monitoring the temperature of freshly poured concrete and its surroundings. It helps architects and engineers ensure that concrete cures properly, which is important for its long-term strength and durability.

Why are Concrete Temperature Important?

Strength and Durability

Concrete gains its strength as it cures. Extreme temperatures, either too hot or too cold, can affect this process. Testing helps ensure that the concrete reaches its desired strength.

Cracking Prevention

Rapid temperature changes can cause concrete to crack. By monitoring and controlling the temperature, you can reduce the risk of cracks, which can compromise the structure’s integrity.

Contractor Compliance

Many construction projects have specifications and guidelines for concrete curing temperatures. Concrete temperature tests help contractors adhere to these requirements.

Quality Assurance

Assurance that the concrete is being properly handled and cured, resulting in a high-quality finished product, is provided by testing.

When Should Concrete Temperature Tests Be Conducted?

Concrete temperature test for freshly mixed Concrete  should be conducted throughout the pouring and curing process. This includes:

Before Pouring

Measure the initial temperature of the concrete mix to ensure it’s within the desired range.

During Pouring

Continuously monitor the concrete’s temperature as it is poured and placed.

Curing Stage

Maintain proper curing conditions, especially in extreme weather, using methods like thermal blankets or water curing.


Keep monitoring the concrete’s temperature during the initial curing period to ensure it reaches the required strength.

Determine the Concrete temperature test for freshly mixed Concrete


The temperature of fresh concrete plays a crucial role in its strength development and setting time. Therefore, monitoring the temperature during the early stages of concrete placement is important to ensure the concrete achieves its desired strength and durability.


ASTM C1064/ Standard Test Method for Temperature of Freshly Mixed Cement Concrete


To measure the temperature of fresh concrete during placement and evaluate its effect on the strength development of the concrete.


  1. Thermocouple probe
  2. Digital thermometer
  3. Concrete mixer
  4. Concrete bucket
  5. Stopwatch


The heat generated during the hydration of cement is responsible for the setting and hardening of concrete. The temperature of the fresh concrete should be measured at various times during placement to ensure that the heat of hydration is not too high, which can cause cracking and reduce the strength of the concrete.

Concrete temperature test for freshly mixed Concrete

Concrete Temperature Limits

  • For general-purpose concrete, the recommended temperature range is between According to  ASTM 50°F and 90°F (10°C and 32°C). If the temperature of the concrete falls below 50°F or exceeds 90°F, the concrete may have difficulty setting and gaining strength, which can lead to cracking and other problems.
  • For concrete that contains expansive cement, such as Type K or Type M cement, the recommended temperature range is narrower, between 60°F and 80°F (16°C and 27°C). This is because expansive cement is highly sensitive to temperature fluctuations, and extreme temperatures can affect its performance.
  • High temperatures can accelerate the setting time of concrete, leading to reduced workability and strength. Moreover, if the temperature of concrete exceeds 100°F (38°C), it may lead to thermal cracking and reduced long-term durability.


  1. Preparation of Equipment : Calibrate the thermometer and thermocouple probe according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Ensure that the thermometer and thermocouple are accurate within ±1°F (±0.5°C).
  2. Sampling: Take the  samples of fresh concrete immediately after mixing. Ensure that the samples are representative of the concrete being placed.
  3. Temperature measurement: Insert the thermocouple probe into the center of the concrete sample, taking care to avoid any air voids. Record the temperature reading when the thermometer reading stabilizes, typically within 5 seconds.
  4. Time measurement: Record the time of each temperature measurement.
  5. Temperature measurement frequency: Take temperature measurements at the following times:

a. Just before placement

             b. After 5 minutes of placement

             c. After 15 minutes of placement

             d. After 30 minutes of placement

  1. Additional measurements: Take additional temperature measurements as required by the project specifications.
  2. Data recording: Record all temperature and time measurements in a tabular form or a data log.
  3. Analysis: Analyze the temperature data to determine the maximum and minimum temperatures of the concrete, and the temperature rise during placement.
  4. Interpretation: Interpret the temperature data to ensure that the temperature rise does not exceed the specified limit, which could result in cracking or reduced strength of the concrete.
  5. Reporting: Include all relevant information in the test report, including the test method, equipment used, sampling and measurement procedures, and the results obtained.


The temperature test for fresh concrete is an important step in ensuring the quality and durability of concrete structures. By monitoring the temperature during the early stages of placement, potential issues such as cracking and reduced strength can be identified and mitigated.

FAQs Questions and Answers

What if concrete temperature is too high?

If the concrete temperature is too high, it can lead to weaker strength, increased cracking, reduced durability, and faster setting. To address this, use cooler water, shading, additives, and careful monitoring to maintain proper curing conditions.

What if concrete temperature is too Low?

If concrete temperature is too low, it can result in slower setting, reduced strength, and a risk of freezing. To prevent this, use heating methods, insulation, and adjust curing schedules as needed to maintain proper curing conditions.

What is the best concrete temperature for laying Concrete?

The best temperature for laying concrete is typically between 50°F (10°C) and 90°F (32°C) for optimal curing and strength development. Special precautions may need to be taken in temperatures outside this range.

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