Concrete Bleeding Test,Purpose, Importance,Limits,Procedure

Determine the bleeding test of Concrete 

The evaluation of bleeding in concrete is a essential factor of making sure its best and sturdiness. Bleeding, the procedure in which water migrates to the surface of freshly blended concrete, can effect the cloth’s strength, durability, and surface finish. The trendy take a look at technique for bleeding of concrete gives a scientific approach to measure and apprehend the quantity of bleeding in a given concrete aggregate. This test aids in evaluating the concrete’s workability and consistency, critical for accomplishing the favored overall performance in diverse production programs.

Purpose of Bleeding test in Concrete 

The test method for bleeding of concrete helps measure how much water moves to the surface of fresh concrete. It’s used to:

  • Check the quality and performance of the concrete.
  • Understand how easy it is to work with and its consistency.
  • Predict how it might affect the strength, durability, and appearance of the concrete.
  • Adjust the mix to make sure it works well for construction projects.

Limits on Bleeding test of Concrete 

Here are the bleeding limits specified in different standards for concrete.

Standard Bleeding Limits
ASTM C232 Generally within 1% to 3% of the height of the test specimen
AASHTO T 199 Ranges from 0.5% to 2% of the height of the test specimen
BS EN 12350-8 Often within 1% to 3% of the height of the test specimen
IS 1199 (Indian) Varies, commonly ranging from 1% to 4% of the height
AS 1012.7 (Australian) Typically within 1% to 4% of the height of the test specimen



Bleeding of concrete will have unfavourable outcomes on the sturdiness and floor end of concrete systems. The bleeding take a look at facilitates to decide the bleeding characteristics of concrete, which may be used to optimize the mixture design and make sure the excellent of concrete.


The bleeding test can be performed according to ASTM C232, AASHTO T 199, BS EN 12350-8, IS 1199 (Indian), AS 1012.7 (Australian), Standard Test Method for Bleeding of Concrete.


To determine the bleeding characteristics of concrete and evaluate its quality.


This test helps to measure the amount of water that separates from the concrete combination and rises to the surface, called bleeding. Bleeding can be a signal of negative blend design or excessive water content material, main to reduced strength and durability of the concrete. By accomplishing bleeding checks, engineers and contractors can discover any issues with the concrete mixture and make important changes to make sure that the final product meets the desired standards.


Bleeding is the phenomenon in which the water within the mix has a tendency to upward push to the surface of the freshly located concrete. This can reason problems which includes surface scaling, reduced durability, and negative floor end. The bleeding test includes casting a concrete pattern right into a cylindrical mold and permitting it to set. After a distinct time period, the excess water that has risen to the surface of the pattern is gathered and measured. The extent of water accumulated is an indication of the bleeding traits of the concrete.

Equipment and Materials:

  • Concrete mix
  • Cylindrical mold
  • Non-absorbent covering material (e.g. plastic sheet or oil)
  • Graduated cylinder
  • Measuring cup
  • Stopwatch
  • Trowel


The following is a step-by way of-step system for acting the bleeding check on concrete

  1. Prepare the concrete blend consistent with the preferred specifications
  2. Place the cylindrical mold on a flat and level surface. The mold should be clean and free from any debris or previous concrete residue.
  3. Pour the concrete mix into the mold in three uniform layers, After each layer, use a trowel to compact the concrete and remove any air pockets. The top surface should be smooth and level.
  4. After the very last layer, strike off the floor with a trowel to make sure that the top is stage or even.
  5. Allow the concrete to set undisturbed for a specific period of time, normally 30 minutes or 1 hour.
  6. After the desired time, cowl the pinnacle of the concrete with a non-absorbent cloth, which includes plastic sheet or oil, to prevent evaporation and decrease the impact of outside elements including wind or temperature.
  7. After another specified period of time, typically 15 minutes, remove the covering material carefully.
  8. Collect the water that has accumulated on the surface of the concrete using a graduated cylinder. Be cautious not to disturb the surface of the concrete.
  9. Measure the volume of water collected the usage of a measuring cup.
  10. Repeat the test with different mix designs and compare the results.


The quantity of water amassed is a sign of the bleeding characteristics of the concrete. The percentage of bleeding may be calculated by way of dividing the extent of water accumulated via the quantity of the concrete pattern and multiplying by using a hundred.

Percentage of Bleeding = (Volume of Water Collected / Volume of Concrete Sample) x 100

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