Sieve Analysis Test for Coarse aggregate and Water Bound

Sieve Analysis Test for Water-Bound Macadam and Coarse Aggregate


The sieve evaluation test is a fundamental manner used to determine the particle length distribution of aggregates in water-sure macadam (WBM). This test performs a essential function in assessing the first-class and suitability of aggregates for avenue creation. In this weblog submit, we will delve into the importance, widespread, scope, aim, objectives, apparatus, theory, procedure, calculations, and conclusions of the sieve analysis take a look at for water-bound macadam.


The sieve analysis take a look at is important in street creation because it enables engineers and creation experts understand the gradation and particle size distribution of the aggregates. By reading the particle sizes, it will become viable to optimize the aggregate and make certain the favored houses of the water-certain macadam, inclusive of stability, compactness, and drainage traits.


The test adheres to the ASTM C136/C136M fashionable, which offers pointers for carrying out sieve evaluation on aggregates for production functions.


This experiment focuses specifically at the Sieve Analysis Test for Water-Bound Macadam and Coarse combination, a widely used cloth for road creation. The results acquired from this test useful resource in determining the suitability of aggregates for WBM and enable engineers to make informed choices for the duration of the construction process.

Aim and Objectives

This test goals to determine the particle length distribution of aggregates in water-sure macadam the use of the sieve analysis take a look at. The specific targets are as follows:

  1. To obtain the cumulative weight retained on each sieve.
  2. To calculate the percentage passing through each sieve.
  3. To plot a particle size distribution curve.
  4. To evaluate the suitability of aggregates for water-bound macadam.


  1. Sieves of various sizes (ASTM standard)
  2. Sieve shaker
  3. Balance
  4. Pan
  5. Oven
  6. Mechanical sieve shaker
  7. Weighing scale


The Sieve Analysis Test for Water-Bound Macadam and Coarse combination includes passing a representative pattern of aggregates through a stack of sieves with progressively smaller openings. The sieves are organized in order of reducing sieve number, with the biggest establishing sieve at the top. The pattern is shaken the use of a mechanical sieve shaker to separate the aggregates into distinct length fractions. The weight retained on every sieve and the burden passing through each sieve are measured to decide the particle length distribution.


  1. Take a sample minimum of 5000 grams
  2. Collect a representative sample of the aggregates to be tested. Ensure that the sample is large enough to obtain accurate results.
  3. Thoroughly mix the sample to ensure a uniform distribution of particles.
  4. Take a weighed portion of the sample and record its weight (W1). The weight depends on the particle size of the aggregates and the desired level of accuracy.
  5. Prepare a stack of sieves, including the sieves with mesh sizes suitable for the particle size range (e.g., 3 inches 2.5 inches, 2 inches, 1.5 inches, 1 inch, 3/4 #4 sieve).
  6. Place the sample on the top sieve (usually the coarsest one) and secure it.
  7. Start the sieve shaker and let it operate for a sufficient duration to ensure proper separation. The endorsed shaking time is generally 10-15 minutes.
  8. After sieving, eliminate each sieve from the stack and record the burden of the material retained on every sieve (W2). Use a balance or scale to measure the weights accurately.
  9. Carefully brush off any residual material from each sieve into separate sample containers.
  10. Weigh the retained material from each sieve and record the weights (W2).
  11. Calculate the percentage of aggregate retained on each sieve (%R) the usage of the following method:

Sieve Analysis Test for Coarse aggregate and Water-Bound Macadam


  1. Calculate the burden retained on every sieve by subtracting the load of the empty sieve from the load of the sieve with retained Material.
  2. Calculate the proportion passing through each sieve by dividing the burden passing thru the sieve by means of the intial weight and multiplying by 100.

Sieve Analysis of Water bound FormulaSieve analysis of Water bound (Coarse Aggregate) complete test procedure


The sieve analysis check is a important factor of assessing the suitability of aggregates for water-certain macadam. By figuring out the particle length distribution, engineers can optimize the combination and ensure the preferred homes of WBM. This experiment provides valuable insights into the gradation of aggregates and helps in making informed decisions during road construction projects. Conducting the sieve analysis test following the ASTM standard ensures reliable and accurate results.


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