Flow table test on fresh concrete to Measure the Workability

Flow table test on fresh concrete to Measure the Workability

Why does concrete require the Flow Table Test?

The Flow Table Test for concrete is important because it allows us to check the material’s workability easily. It helps us determine the flow and consistency of the concrete, ensuring that we can handle it effectively during construction. By observing how the concrete spreads on the flow table, we gain insights into its properties, which aids in optimizing mix design. This optimization is critical for preventing issues which include segregation or bleeding and making sure that the concrete meets creation standards. Ultimately, the check contributes to the sturdiness and overall performance of the structure by using making sure that the concrete is properly-desirable for its meant software. Here  is detail Discus on Flow table test on fresh concrete to Measure the Workability

Flow Table Concrete test Result, Range, Limits with Different Standard

  1. BS 1881:105:1984
    • Acceptable Range: 110-115% over the initial diameter.
    • Example: If the initial diameter is two hundred mm, the end result must be inside 220-230 mm.
  2. ACI (American Concrete Institute):
    • Acceptable Range: 100-one hundred twenty five% over the initial diameter.
    • Example: For an initial diameter of two hundred mm, the ideal variety is two hundred-250 mm.

Determine the Flow table Test for Concrete


Engineer commonly use the flow test to measure the flowability of fresh concrete. It is an crucial test which could provide precious information approximately the fine of concrete, making sure that it’ll carry out as predicted as soon as it hardens. Adjustments to the combination proportions can also be made based totally at the effects of this test if essential.


Several requirements, together with ASTM C1611/C1611M, AASHTO T 347, and EN 12350-8, prescribe the recommendations for the gadget and process to carry out the float test.


The goal of this test is to decide the flowability of fresh concrete the usage of the float test.


Flow table, Tamping rod, Scoop, Stop watch, Graduated cylinder, Steel rule, Trowel, Sampling tray,  Rubber mallet, Balance, Oven


The flow test observes the flowability of fresh concrete by measuring the diameter of a sample as it freely flows through a standardized apparatus. The test includes filling the apparatus with concrete, removing a stopper to allow the concrete to flow, and measuring the diameter in multiple locations. The average of these measurements is considered the flow diameter.



  • Prepare the equipment by way of cleaning it and making sure it is free of any debris. Apply a light coat of oil to the interior of the equipment.
  • Prepare the concrete by mixing it according to the desired mix design and pouring it into a clean bucket.
  • Fill the apparatus with concrete to ensure it is completely filled and level.
  • Remove the stopper to allow the concrete to flow freely after filling.
  • Measure the diameter by using a caliper to measure the diameter of the concrete in several locations. Calculate the average diameter.
  • Record the average flow diameter in millimeters, and repeat the test two more times to obtain an average


Calculate the flow diameter as the average of the diameter measurements taken in several locations, and report the result in millimeters.

Flow diameter = (Σdiameter measurements) / number of measurements

Measuring in various locations establishes “diameter measurements,” and the quantity of locations assessed indicates the number of measurements.

Read More 

Slump Flow Test for Self-Compacting Concrete SCC

Determine the Flow table test of concrete

Properties of fresh and Hard Concrete

Tests on fresh and hard concrete

Leave a Comment